“Aut Vincere Aut Mori”

This is the official “1st Fighter Wing” timepiece collection, produced in collaboration with the 1st Fighter Association to honor and commemorate the sacrifices and achievements experienced along the way.

SPLIT PAYMENT PLAN OPTIONS

We offer payment plan options to make the purchase process a little easier for you, you can use PayPal Finance or contact us to split the payment into 2 (or 3) parts spaced out over a few months.
EACH SWISSPL WATCH IS MECHANICAL AND HANDCRAFTED IN AMERICA

Swiss Components with American Craftsmanship designed to Tell Your Story. We receive our components like a lego-box from our partner factories (among them Switzerland, Germany, and America); and then assemble each timepiece per the design requirements and specifications as each watch is "made to order". Even "stock designs" feature customized caseback engravings and personalization details.
WE OFFER A 2 YEAR WARRANTY ON EACH SWISSPL TIMEPIECE WE MANUFACTURE

SwissPL produces custom watches made to order, crafted for its wearer, each as unique as the owner itself. Our mechanical timepieces are assembled per strict Swiss standards and each undergo in-depth quality control and precision timing tests. We offer a full 2 year warranty on our timepieces.
SECURE DELIVERY WITH INSURED SERVICE

Every timepiece we produce and ship, gets sent securely packaged in bubble wrap with the watch inside its own heat-sealed enclosure bag to protect against the elements, static charge and finger prints.
  • Customize with your details.
  • Swiss components, American craftsmanship.
  • 42mm case, water depth rated 300 meters.

Overview

Celebrate your service and milestones in the USAF 1st Fighter Wing. This is a special collaboration project with the 1st Fighter Association to produce the official 1st Fighter Wing timepiece series.

We offer multiple dial & case combinations to suit your style. The caseback can be customized any way you prefer to represent you and your career.

The watch model is the Classic 42mm. It is a stainless steel case, made of 316L surgical grade stainless steel. There are two treatments available: steel or black.

Featured Testimonial

“Great watch, I particularly enjoyed being able to customize it. Everything I asked for was delivered with class and great design. The watch also keeps time to the second; and is as good as any Glycine, or even my old Vietnam era Rolex. This is a perfect watch to keep as an heirloom, to be passed on to family.”

~ Jon Goldenbaum
USAF Fighter Pilot (retired)

Order your 1st Fighter Wing timepiece [ click here ]

Design Choices

The dial design options for the 1st Fighter Wing timepiece is a combination of USAF Wings [Pilot, Senior Pilot and Command Pilots wings] along with various squadron patches and jet views; and your callsign under the date window, if you like.

Looking for wings/patches/planes produced that you don’t see here? Please contact us via email: contact@swisspl.com and we will be able to set that up for you.

The design is produced in a silver application on the blue dial with the caseback graphics fully open to engrave with your details (rank/name, patches, flight hours, callsign, planes, squadrons, deployments, special missions, etc). The watch case is available in stainless or pvd-black.

Dial Versions

Click on the various small preview images to see the dials pop-up in a larger view; then press the orange X to close the pop-up window. To order the dial design, remember which number it is and then on the product page you can select that number along with your other customization preferences.

Order your 1st Fighter Wing timepiece [ click here ]

Caseback Engraving

We will work together to create the perfect graphic for your caseback engraving, one that describes you and your milestones, your achievements and your sacrifices; a watch design that is symbolically you, one that tells your story.

Order your 1st Fighter Wing timepiece [ click here ]

Watch Specifications

The Classic watch is a 42mm case (46mm with the crown). The case thickness is 12.5mm. From lug to lug is 50mm. And the strap width is 22mm.

The watch is water depth rating is 300 meters (1,000 feet). The watch case is 316L surgical grade stainless steel. The glass is sapphire crystal, with inner anti-reflective coating. The bezel is a uni-directional bezel. The crown and caseback are screwed down, ensuring the depth rating.

The watch comes on a vintage leather strap with white stitching and Pre-V buckle. We offer a solid metal bracelet as optional upgrade for $165.

The movement powering your watch is a Swiss quartz-analog (battery) movement; or we offer an upgrade to the Swiss automatic (self-winding) mechanical movement for $345 [like found in Rolex, Omega, Breitling, Tag Heuer].

Movement

The watch is powered by Swiss Ronda 515HC Quartz (battery powered) movement. The battery should last about 2 years and then simply send it in for a quick battery swap, and perhaps an overhaul service to remove the years of scratches and marks your timepiece received along the journey.

Automatic Upgrade:
You can upgrade your timepiece to the Swiss ETA 2824-2 Automatic mechanical (self winding) movement, with 25 jewels. An Automatic is another term for “self-winding”, meaning the watch winds itself using a rotator weight inside the timepiece which oscillates to apply tension on the mainspring of the movement through the random motion of the watch owner’s arm. This movement does not require a battery, but does require manual winding every few days using the crown to fully “charge the mainspring” and increase the timepiece’s accuracy because it’s running at full power. You should send your watch in for routine service every year, or two years at the longest. Just like your precision firearms, which you routinely clean and oil, a mechanical timepiece requires this care as well.

A Quartz movement is powered by the battery, and will run for approximately 2 years (+/-). If your watch stops running, please contact us to get the battery swapped. (We have seen outside shops often damage the movement when extracting the battery). Email us and we'll get it taken care of quickly for you.

An Automatic is another term for “self-winding”, meaning the watch winds itself using a rotator weight inside the timepiece which oscillates to apply tension on the mainspring of the movement through the random motion of the watch owner's arm.

This movement does not require a battery, but does require manual winding every few days using the crown to fully "charge the mainspring" and increase the timepiece's accuracy because it's running at full power.

You should send your watch in for routine service every year, or two years at the longest. Just like your precision firearms, which you routinely clean and oil, a mechanical timepiece requires this care as well.
QUARTZ MOVEMENT INSTRUCTIONS: Unscrew the Crown [counter clockwise].
To Set the Date:
Gently Pull the Crown into "First Position". Then turn the date forward slowly till you reach your desired date.

To Set the Time:
Gently Pull the Crown into "Second Position". Then turn the crown, advancing the hands forward, not backward, to your desired time.

AUTOMATIC MOVEMENT INSTRUCTIONS: Unscrew the Crown [counter clockwise]

To Wind the Watch:
Gently turn the Crown clockwise [feel the tension of the mainspring] 40-50 complete turns.

(this movement can not be overwound as it has an escapement).

To Set the Date:
Gently Pull the Crown into "First Position". Then turn the date forward slowly till you reach your desired date.

To Set the Time:
Gently Pull the Crown into "Second Position". Then turn the crown, advancing the hands forward, not backward, to your desired time.

(because the mechanical movement uses a series go metal discs and gears to move in precision balance to set and tell the time, it is advised to only set the time forward - not back)

Resecure the Crown:
When you are finished setting the time and date and winding the movement, it is imperative that you rescuer the crown (the thing keeping the world out of your watch).
While applying inward pressure, gently turn the Crown clockwise, securing it on the threading until it is tightly closed. This ensures your watch is water-sealed.

It is NOT advised that you use your mechanical timepiece in the hot tub, sauna, shower, jacuzzi or other steam generating environments [read full article].
Do's:
Wind your watch gently daily.

Dont's:
Do not use pliers to try to open your crown.
Do not use your watch as a hammer to hang a frame.
1-800-774-4980

If you have questions, or need servicing, send an email to contact@swisspl.com

Order your 1st Fighter Wing timepiece [ click here ]

Technical Specifications

FUNCTIONS
Hours, minutes, seconds. Date at 3 o’clock.

CASE
Stainless Steel (316L Surgical Grade). Case diameter 42mm (46mm with Crown), height 14.40mm, lug width 22mm. Screw-down crown. SwissPL on left side.

CASEBACK
Solid Stainless Steel with YOUR CUSTOMIZED DESIGN.

WATER RESISTANCE
Water resistant to 30 ATM / 300 meters / 1,000 feet.

CRYSTAL
Anti-reflective scratch resistant sapphire crystal.

DIAL
Blue metal dial with metal indexes, polished stainless hands with Super-LumiNova. Design in silver application. White calendar disc.

BEZEL
Aluminum bezel in black, blue, red or green with silver markings.

STRAP
Black vintage leather strap with white stitching and stainless steel Pre-V buckle.

Optional:
• Carbon Fiber strap.
• Metal bracelet with solid links, and end-pieces, links secured with screws.

Handcrafted In America

Swiss Components with American Craftsmanship designed to Tell Your Story. We receive our components like a lego-box from our partner factories in Switzerland, Germany, and America; and then assemble each timepiece per the design requirements and specifications as each watch is “made to order”. Even “stock designs” feature customized caseback engravings and personalization details.

You select your desired case and dial option, movement and strap choice and then we create the perfect graphic for your caseback engraving, one that describes you and your milestones, your achievements and your sacrifices, a watch that is symbolically you, one that tells your story.

What Ships with the Watch

Your SwissPL watch shipping package is assembled with the utmost of care in each detail. The watch is secured inside a heat-sealed enclosure bag, so your hands are the first to touch your new watch.

Inside the SwissPL Owner’s Pack you will find a velvet cloth watch pouch [for when you send your watch in for servicing]; a watch spring bar link removal tool [in case you want to swap the leather strap for the carbon fiber strap or the metal bracelet yourself].

Additionally included are your Ownership Card; the Warranty Card and the Watch Usage Guide; the Assembly Check-list, the Depth Pressure Report and the Movement Timing Report (for automatic movements); along with a Welcome Letter.

History of The 1st Fighter Wing

Watch the History of the 1st Fighter Wing in this YouTube video.

(source Wikipedia link) [I didn’t write this, I’m not taking claim for it, I’m only posting it because the information is important and people need to read it.

The 1st Fighter Wing (1 FW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Ninth Air Force. It is stationed at Langley Air Force Base, Va. where it is a tenant unit, being supported by the 633d Air Base Wing.

Its 1st Operations Group (1 OG) is a successor organization of the 1st Fighter Group, one of the 15 original combat air groups formed by the Army before World War II. The 1 OG is the oldest major air combat unit in the United States Air Force, its origins formed on 5 May 1918.

The wing was initially part of Tactical Air Command being formed at March Field, California in 1947 and was one of the first wings to be equipped with the North American F-86 Sabre in February 1949. Briefly a part of Strategic Air Command in 1949, it was reassigned to Air Defense Command in 1950 and provided air defense of the Upper Midwest of the United States until being reassigned to Tactical Air Command in 1970. The 1 FW was the first operational wing equipped with the F-15A/B Eagle in 1976; and in 2005, was the first operational wing equipped with the Lockheed Martin F-22A Raptor air superiority fighter.

Origins

71st Fighter Squadron Lockheed P-80s at March AFB, CA, c. 1948.

The 1st Fighter Wing was activated at March Field California on 15 August 1947. It was assigned to Twelfth Air Force, Tactical Air Command (TAC).

In December 1948 Twelfth Air Force was assigned from Tactical Air Command to Continental Air Command (ConAC), established on 1 December 1948. ConAC assumed jurisdiction over both TAC and the Air Defense Command (ADC). This move reflected an effort to concentrate all fighter forces deployed within the continental United States to strengthen the air defense of the North American continent. The move was largely an administrative convenience: the units assigned to ConAC were dual-trained and expected to revert to their primary strategic or tactical roles after the air defense battle was won. The 1st Fighter Wing was subsequently transferred from Twelfth Air Force/TAC to Fourth Air Force/ConAC on 20 December 1948. Organizational and equipment changes continued throughout 1949. The first F-86 Sabre, assigned to the 94th Fighter Squadron, arrived on 15 February. By the end of June the wing had received seventy-nine of its eighty-three authorized F-86s. On 1 May the wing transferred from ConAC to Strategic Air Command (SAC) and the Fifteenth Air Force. The wing was subsequently attached to the 22d Bombardment Wing on 1 July.

At March, the wing trained in large formation flying and competed to establish various formation records. The 71st Fighter Squadron struck first in September 1949, when it launched a twelve and later an eighteen-aircraft formation. The 27th and the 94th countered on 21 October. On that day the 94th launched three thirteen-plane formations, but the 27th topped this with two twenty-one plane formations, The purpose of this exercise became clear in early January 1950, when the wing deployed a sizable contingent of aircraft to participate in the filming of the RKO film Jet Pilot. The group claimed a final formation record on 4 January when it passed a twenty-four plane formation (consisting of eight aircraft from each squadron) before the cameras. The group formed its own aerial demonstration team in January 1950. The team, dubbed the “Sabre Dancers”, was composed of five members of the 27th Fighter Squadron. The Sabre Dancers made what was probably their most widely viewed flight on 22 April 1950, when they performed before an Armed Forces Day audience at Eglin AFB, Florida, that included President Harry S. Truman, most of his Cabinet, and numerous other political leaders.

Air Defense Command

Korean War era

94th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-86D

Effective 16 April 1950 the 1st Fighter Wing was redesignated the 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, the same designation that was simultaneously applied to the group and its three squadrons. The wing had, some days previously, been relieved from its attachment to the 22d Bombardment Wing. The organizational changes the wing had experienced since 1947 paled in comparison to the multitude of changes the unit underwent during the last six months of 1950. As of 30 June 1950, the 1st Fighter-Interceptor Group was assigned to the 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, which was itself assigned to Fifteenth Air Force and SAC. On 1 July the wing was relieved from assignment to Fifteenth Air Force and SAC and assigned to the Fourth Air Force and ConAC.

Two days later the wing issued orders establishing advanced parties of its headquarters and component organizations at Victorville (later George) AFB, California. On 22 July an advanced party of personnel from Headquarters, 1st Fighter-Interceptor Group and the 27th and 71st Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons departed for Griffiss AFB, New York. A letter directing the wing to send the group headquarters and the 27th and the 71st to Griffiss for attachment to the Eastern Air Defense Force (EADF), ConAC, arrived on 30 July. Headquarters, 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing and the 94th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron were assigned to the Western Air Defense Force, ConAC, on 1 August, while the group headquarters and the 27th and 71st were attached to the EADF on 15 August. The wing was attached to the 27th Air Division, WADF, on 20 September. Finally, one month later, the 71st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron moved from Griffiss AFB to Pittsburgh International Airport, Pennsylvania.

As of 31 December 1950 Headquarters, 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing and the 94th were stationed at George AFB, assigned to the WADF, and attached to the 27th Air Division. Headquarters, 1st Fighter-Interceptor Group, while still assigned to the wing, was stationed at Griffiss AFB with the 27th. The 71st was at Pittsburgh. The units on the East Coast were attached to the EADF.

Air Defense Command was reestablished as a major command on 1 January 1951, and the wing was assigned to ADC. In May, the 27th and the 71st were attached to the Connecticut Air National Guard 103d Fighter Interceptor Group, which provided administrative and logistical support and operational control, although the squadrons remained assigned to the 1st Fighter Group. Headquarters, 1st Fighter Group was relieved from attachment to the Eastern Air Defense Force and moved from Griffiss back to George without personnel or equipment. Meanwhile, at George AFB, the New Mexico Air National Guard 188th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was attached to the 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, which provided administrative support and operational control.

All of these constant moves and reassignments as well as the fact that the wing headquarters stationed in California could provide only limited control and virtually no support to a group headquarters and squadrons deployed on the East Coast. While the policy of attaching units to higher headquarters established an ad hoc means of supplying the needed support, it was a cumbersome procedure that blurred organizational lines and did nothing for morale or unit cohesion above the squadron level. With the exception of the Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron, and the three fighter-interceptor squadrons, all 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing organizations and the group headquarters were reduced to a strength of one officer and one enlisted man on 30 November 1951, at which time the wing moved from George Air Force Base, California, to Norton Air Force Base, California. The squadrons were reassigned to newly organized “defense wings”: the 27th to the 4711th Air Defense Wing (ADW), Eastern Air Defense Force, the 71st to the 4708th Air Defense Wing, EADF, and the 94th to the 4705th Defense Wing, WADF. Headquarters, Air Defense Command inactivated the 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing on 6 February 1952.

Selfridge AFB

Squadron personnel of the 71st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron

94th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-106

The organizational instability of the early 1950s was rooted in the demands of the Korean War. With the end of the war in Korea the Air Defense Command found itself in a position to return to a more traditional command structure. The 1st Fighter-Interceptor Wing was redesignated the 1st Fighter Wing (Air Defense) on 14 September 1956 and activated on 18 October 1956 at Selfridge AFB, Michigan. It was assigned to the Eastern Air Defense Force. After enduring a six-year period of frequent organizational changes, the wing began a period of stability. For approximately the next thirteen years it remained at Selfridge. Both the 71st and the 94th FIS traded their F-86s for F-102 Delta Dagger interceptors between 1958 and 1960. While the wing and its units operated from Selfridge AFB the 27th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron remained on the east coast. As of 31 December 1961 it was stationed at Dow AFB, Maine, and assigned to the Bangor Air Defense Sector, 26th Air Division. At that time the squadron was equipped with F-106 Delta Darts, and was not part of the 1st Fighter Wing.

In October 1962 the wing responded to the Cuban Missile Crisis by deploying aircraft, support personnel, equipment and supplies to Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, and Volk Field, Wisconsin. From 19 October through 27 November wing aircraft flew 620 sorties and 1,274 hours, most from Patrick AFB, while maintaining a mission-ready rate of approximately eighty percent. Wing life reverted to more normal training routines at year’s end, and the pattern continued through 1963 and 1964.

On 15 March 1963 two Soviet bombers overflew Alaska and Alaskan Air Command F-102s were unable to intercept them. The response to this intrusion was to deploy ten F-106s from the 325th Fighter Wing to Alaska in what was called Operation White Shoes. While the 325th wing upgraded its F-106s, the 1st Fighter Wing relieved it from March to June 1964. While deployed in Alaska, two of the wing’s F-106s were damaged in the Good Friday earthquake.

Beginning in about 1965 the wing began to transfer pilots to other units in or en route to South Vietnam. While the wing itself did not participate in the Vietnam War, its units were soon manned by personnel who had completed tours in Southeast Asia, with the 1st serving as a transition unit for many pilots en route to or returning from Southeast Asia.

Organizational changes continued to whittle away at the wing’s strength in 1966 and 1967. The wing was assigned to the 34th Air Division, First Air Force, on 1 April 1966. This organization changed again on 16 January 1967, when the 71st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which had won top prize in the F-106 category at the 1965 William Tell weapons competition at Tyndall AFB, Florida, was transferred to the 328th Fighter Wing (Air Defense), Tenth Air Force, at Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Missouri. This reorganization left the 1st Fighter Wing with only one fighter squadron, the 94th. However, the reduced wing stayed busy. From 24 July through 4 August 1967 Selfridge became the hub of federal activities mobilized during the 1967 Detroit riots. Elements of the 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division and the 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, a total of some 12,000 combat and support personnel, eventually passed through the base. From 1500 on 24 July to 1500 the next day, the base received 4,700 troops and 1,008 tons of cargo. On 1 August the base handled 363 C-130 Hercules sorties, 6,036 troops, and 2,492 tons of cargo. By the time the tactical command post at Selfridge was closed at 1130 on 4 August, the base had processed 1,389 C-130 sorties, 12,058 troops, and 4,735 tons of cargo.

In September 1968 the detached 71st Fighter-Interceptor Squadron was relieved from assignment to the 328th Fighter Wing, and transferred to the 28th Air Division, Tenth Air Force, at Malmstrom AFB, Montana, where it became a self-contained unit operating on the SAC base. Between 20 May and 5 November 1969, the 94th FIS deployed to Osan Air Base, Korea, for exercise College Cadence.

It was to be the 1st Fighter Wing’s last major air defense effort. On 1 December 1969 the 94th was transferred to Wurtsmith AFB, Michigan, pending the inactivation of the 1st Fighter Wing, which was assigned to the 23d Air Division on that date. On 31 December 1969 the wing, with no units under its control, transferred to Hamilton AFB, California, and was assigned to the 26th Air Division. The wing’s personnel and equipment were transferred to the 4708th Air Base Group, 23d Air Division, at Duluth International Airport, Minnesota, on 1 January 1970.

Tactical Air Command

On 1 August 1968, General William W. Momyer became commander of Tactical Air Command. While he devoted most of his attention to the pressing problems the command faced during the war in Vietnam, General Momyer also concerned himself with the designation of the units under his command. The movement of units to and from Vietnam left TAC with a mixed force. Some of its organizations had long and honorable tactical traditions. Others used a provisional, four-digit, command-controlled designations that gave them no history or traditions. General Momyer therefore directed the TAC planning staff to replace the provisional four-digit designations with those of units that had a combat record dating from either World War 11 or Korea. He also directed the staff to “retain illustrious AFCON designators for the active tactical forces.” This policy, plus the training demands caused by the war in Vietnam, led to the 1st Fighter Wing’s return to Tactical Air Command in October 1970.

MacDill AFB

94th Tactical Fighter Squadron McDonnell F-4E

4530 CCTS B-57G

Headquarters, United States Air Force authorized the reassignment of the 1st Fighter Wing (Air Defense) from Aerospace Defense Command to Tactical Air Command on 30 July 1970. Three days later, HQ ADC directed the commander of the 26th Air Division to move Headquarters, 1st Fighter Wing (Air Defense) from Hamilton AFB, California, to MacDill AFB, Florida. All units moved without personnel or equipment. The personnel and equipment formerly of the 15th Tactical Fighter wing were reassigned to the 1st TFW. The squadrons of the 15 TFW were assigned to the historic wing: the 45th, 46th, and 47th Tactical Fighter Squadrons. Another organizational change effective 1 July 1971 transferred the wing from the 836th Air Division, inactivated on that date, to Ninth Air Force.

The wing spent the next four years providing advanced tactical training to F-4 Phantom II and B-57 Canberra aircrews, most of whom later saw service in the Vietnam War. On 1 October 1971, HQ TAC inactivated the 4530th Tactical Training Squadron, which, in addition to other duties, had trained Australian F-4 aircrew members and maintenance personnel during project Peace Reef. The 4501st Tactical Fighter Replacement Squadron, equipped with F-4s, assumed the 4530th’s place in the wing’s structure on the same date. The command inactivated the 4424th Combat Crew Training Squadron, the wing’s B-57 training unit, on 30 June 1972, leaving the wing with four flying squadrons. All conducted advanced F-4 tactical training.

The wing spent the next four years providing advanced tactical training to F-4 Phantom II and B-57 Canberra aircrews, most of whom later saw service in the Vietnam War. On 1 October 1971, HQ TAC inactivated the 4530th Tactical Training Squadron, which, in addition to other duties, had trained Australian F-4 aircrew members and maintenance personnel during project Peace Reef. The 4501st Tactical Fighter Replacement Squadron, equipped with F-4s, assumed the 4530th’s place in the wing’s structure on the same date. The command inactivated the 4424th Combat Crew Training Squadron, the wing’s B-57 training unit, on 30 June 1972, leaving the wing with four flying squadrons. All conducted advanced F-4 tactical training.

After achieving operational ready status, the Wing took the experience they had earned and utilized it on a program nicknamed “Ready Eagle.” The 1st helped prepare the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing at Bitburg Air Base, Germany, for their reception of the F-15. The 1st assisted in the training of maintenance personnel and pilots. By 23 September 1977, the wing provided Bitburg with 88 operationally ready pilots, 522 maintenance specialists, and later trained an additional 1,100 maintenance personnel at Bitburg.

Langley AFB

First F-15A arrives at Langley AFB, January 1976

1st Tactical Fighter Wing personnel spent six months preparing for the arrival of the F-15. By the end of 1975, the Wing was ready for its new air superiority weapon, and on 18 December 1975, Lt Col John Britt, Operations Officer, flew the Wing’s first F-15 (a two-seat trainer) into Langley. Official welcoming ceremonies were held on 9 January 1976, when Lt Col Richard L. Craft, 27th Fighter Squadron Commander, landed with the Wing’s first single seat F-15. In recognition of its accomplishment of introducing the F-15 into the Air Force’s operational inventory, the 1st Tactical Fighter Wing received its first Air Force Outstanding Unit Award, for the period 1 July 1975 – 31 October 1976.

After achieving operational ready status, the Wing took the experience they had earned and utilized it on a program nicknamed “Ready Eagle.” The 1st helped prepare the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing at Bitburg Air Base, Germany, for their reception of the F-15. The 1st assisted in the training of maintenance personnel and pilots. By 23 September 1977, the wing provided Bitburg with 88 operationally ready pilots, 522 maintenance specialists, and later trained an additional 1,100 maintenance personnel at Bitburg.

On 15 April 1977, the 1 TFW acquired a new mission. The wing assumed responsibility for the 6th Airborne Command and Control Squadron’s EC-135 aircraft and crews, previously assigned to the 4500th Air Base Wing at Langley. The 6 ACCS flew EC-135 airborne command posts in support of U.S. Commander in Chief, Atlantic Command (USCINCLANT) with deployments throughout the Atlantic region until early 1992. 1st Fighter Wing participation in worldwide deployments and training exercises continued through the 1980s. The Wing served in countries throughout Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Central America.

The final F-15s left the 1st Fighter Wing on 3 September 2010, after operating the weapon system for nearly 35 years.

Southwest Asia operations

1st TFW F-15 Eagle on display at the National Museum of the USAF.

The training and experience gained was called upon in the summer of 1990, when Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait. On 7 August 1990, the 27th and 71st Tactical Fighter Squadrons began deploying to Saudi Arabia as the first American combat units on the ground in Saudi Arabia, in support of the defense of the Arabian peninsula from further Iraqi aggression—an operation dubbed Operation Desert Shield. In all, the 1 TFW deployed 48 aircraft to the Persian Gulf. By 16 January 1991, when Desert Shield came to a close, the Wing amassed 4,207 sorties patrolling the Kuwait and Iraq border areas.

At 0115 local Saudi Arabia time, on 17 January 1991, sixteen 1st Tactical Fighter Wing F-15s departed King Abdul-Aziz Air Base and flew toward Iraq to participate in Operation Desert Storm, the liberation of Kuwait from the Iraqis.

During the first night of the operation, Captain Steven W. Tate of the 71st Tactical Fighter Squadron, shot down an Iraqi Mirage F-1, which turned out to be the wing’s only kill during the war. It was also the first combat credit awarded to the wing under command of the U.S. Air Force. Upon its return on 8 March 1991, the 1st Tactical Fighter Wing had amassed a total of 2,564 sorties during Operation Desert Storm.

The end of the First Gulf War did not bring an end to the Wing’s support in Southwest Asia. Monitoring the southern no-fly zone, the 1st provided six-month coverage every year under Operation Southern Watch and Operation Northern Watch. In October 1994, when Saddam Hussein again placed forces near the Kuwaiti border, the Wing participated in a short-notice deployment, Operation Vigilant Warrior.

Operation Vigilant Warrior demonstrated the need for an Air Force capability of providing combat air power globally at short notice. This requirement resulted in the concept of the Air Expeditionary Force (AEF.) During AEF II, the 1st Fighter Wing deployed 12 F-15s and over 600 personnel to Shaheed Mwaffaq Air Base, Jordan, from 12 April – 28 June 1996. Wing members built and operated from the bare base, and provided support to Operation Southern Watch, supporting UN sanctions and enforcing the no-fly zones in Iraq.

On 25 June 1996, a fuel truck loaded with explosives detonated outside the Khobar Towers Housing area, in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. The bomb killed 19 Air Force members, including five airmen of the 71st Rescue Squadron, and consequently the 1st Fighter Wing relocated its Southwest Asia operations from Dhahran to Prince Sultan Air Base, Al Kharj.

From 1991

27th Fighter Squadron F-15C firing an AIM-7M Sparrow missile.

On 1 October 1991, the 1st Tactical Fighter Wing was redesignated 1st Fighter Wing; the 1st Fighter Group was redesignated as the 1st Operations Group and reactivated as part of the wing. The 1st Fighter Wing assumed responsibility of three additional missions—air control, airlift, and search and rescue:—On 15 March 1992, the 74th Air Control Squadron was transferred to the 1st Fighter Wing. The 74th provided command and control of air operations for worldwide operations.—On 1 February 1993, the 41st and 71st Rescue Squadrons, and the 741st Maintenance Squadron were assigned to the 1st Fighter Wing. Stationed at Patrick AFB, Fla., the units provided search and rescue for NASA’s space shuttle missions, and support of combat search and rescue operations in Southwest Asia. Additionally,—On 1 April 1993 C-21 operational support aircraft were assigned to the Wing with the establishment of Detachment 1, 1 OG. On 1 May, the detachment inactivated and the 12th Airlift Flight, with the same mission, activated.

The 1st Rescue Group was activated as part of the 1st Fighter Wing on 14 June 1995, to provide operational control of the Search and Rescue mission.

Two realignments ordered by Air Combat Command took effect on the same day, 1 April 1997. The most substantial one had been the 1st Rescue Group’s reassignment to the 347th Wing at Moody Air Force Base. This move meant the loss of two types of aircraft, the HC-130P “Hercules” gunship, and the HH-60G “Pave Hawk” helicopter. When the Air Force decided to transfer 12th Airlift Flight to Air Mobility Command, another type of aircraft, the C-21, was removed from the 1st Fighter Wing’s possession exactly four years after it had been assigned.

What made the wing’s valued participation in this contingency unique is the fact it sent no aircraft in support of it, exemplifying the diversity of the 1st Fighter Wing’s comprehensive mission. More than 150 personnel from 11 units within the 1st Fighter Wing deployed to the European theater in direct support of Operation Allied Force and associated operations such as Noble Anvil and Shining Hope.

Responsible for the worldwide mobility commitment to execute command and control operations, the 74th Air Control Squadron provided the largest contingent of 1st Fighter Wing personnel and equipment to Operation Noble Anvil. The 74th ACS set up their equipment outside Budapest, Hungary, to provide joint forces and theater commanders with an accurate air picture for conducting offensive and defensive missions. During Operation Allied Force, the 74th Air Control Squadron deployed to provide critical air control in the European Theater of Operations.

After September 11 terrorist attacks.

F-22A of the 27th Fighter Squadron

After the September 11 attacks in 2001, the 1st Fighter Wing took to the skies to simultaneously defend the east and west coasts of the US against further terrorist attacks. The wing’s F-15s were among the first fighters on scene over Washington D.C. and remained on station continuously for the next six months. The 1st Fighter Wing simultaneously participated in the US homeland defense mission in Operation Noble Eagle; maintained its lead wing status in the USAF’s Air Expeditionary Force rotations to Southwest Asia and Turkey, enforcing no-fly zones in Operation Southern Watch/Operation Northern Watch until 2003; and deployed fighters to Keflavík, Iceland to fulfill NATO treaty obligations.

During the first stages of the Iraq War in 2003, the 71st Fighter Squadron deployed again to Southwest Asia. In 2005, the 27th and 94th Fighter Squadrons became the first squadrons in the world to achieve operational status flying the F-22 Raptor.

Joint basing

The 1st Fighter Wing served as the host unit of Langley AFB from 1975 until 7 January 2010. The wing relinquished two of its four groups to the newly reactivated 633d Air Base Wing, which assumed host duties for Langley AFB. The change of command also was a pivotal step in the realignment consolidation of Langley AFB and Fort Eustisinto Joint Base Langley-Eustis, which stood up in January 2010.

Change Of Command Ceremony